Carpet Care Cleaning

In a GREEN cleaning and maintenance program, the major effort should be one that minimizes the wet cleaning cycles and reduces the soil tracked on to carpet. Focus should be on:

  1. Keep outdoor entryways clean to minimize soil from being tracked indoors.
  2. Use entry mats to trap soil and moisture from shoes. It is recommended that the mats be large enough for each shoe to touch the mat twice (approximately ten to fifteen feet).
  3. Routinely schedule vacuuming of entryway mats and grating systems using a high quality vacuum.
  4. Routinely schedule dust mopping of durable tile floors, particularly near entryways and other sources of particulates (i.
  5. near copier rooms) to decrease soiling on nearby carpeted areas.
  6. Develop regular schedule for cleaning carpets.
  7. Deal with the needs of High Traffic Areas with more frequent cleanings.
  8. Implement preventive cleaning and maintenance to reduce the need to deep clean as often.

Choose water-based carpet cleaners that do not leave sticky or tacky residue behind Selecting water based products minimizes potentially harmful airborne contaminants from solvents as they evaporate and are inhaled. This will reduce resoiling. Solutions should be applied with a sprayer in a stream or coarse spray when carpets must be spot cleaned. This will decrease the amount of cleaning product that is atomized and possibly inhaled, as well as diminish over-spray.

When extracting, use the most efficient equipment and procedures possible to minimize residual moisture and mold risk. Be certain the area is well ventilated. Use fans, if necessary, for quick drying to decrease both the risk of mold growth and slip & fall accidents.

Major carpet cleaning should be done during “off peak” hours, for example, on a weekend, holiday break, or when occupants will not be in the environment. This permits the greatest time for the building to air out and replenish with fresh, uncontaminated air.

Extraction Carpet Cleaning

To prevent the possibility of mold growth, the extraction process forces cleaner into the carpet and quickly removes most of the liquid through the vacuum process. The removal of moisture is important in the drying process to prevent the growth of mold. Steps must be taken to ensure proper ventilation and temperature.

Things to consider when selecting a carpet cleaner for a GREEN cleaning program:

  • Near neutral pH.
  • No or low VOC’s.
  • No solvents, butyls, or glycol ethers.
  • No dyes and/or fragrances.
  • No sara section 313 reportable ingredients.
  • Dries to a crystal for ease of removal.
  • No chelating agents.
  • No aerosols or ready-to-use products (use concentrates).
  • No special storage.

Equipment Selection:

  • Vacuum cleaners that capture a minimum of 99% of 0.3 micron particles.
  • Change bags when half full to maintain efficiency.
  • Extractors capable of removing water so carpets dry within 24 hours.
  • No feather dusters, use damp cloths or micro-fiber cloths.

Entrance Mats

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Entrance Mats
    1. Exterior mats
    2. Interior mats
  2. Broom
  3. Vacuum
  4. Products
  5. Dust mop/dust cloth treatment
  6. Spotter
  7. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for chemicals used
  8. Personal Protective Equipment as called for in MSDS

Entrance Mats Are Used in Two areas

  1. Exterior Mats - outside all doors. Common varieties include:
    1. Rubber backed with many rubber fingers
    2. Open weave with large grid pattern
  2. Interior Mats - inside all doors. Suggested length - allow at least four steps before stepping on interior floor.

Purpose of Entrance Mats

  1. Exterior Mats
    1. Remove sand and gravel from shoes prior to entering the building.
    2. Minimize the amount of abrading material that will scratch and damage interior floors and finishes.
  2. Interior Mats
    1. Remove moisture from shoes prior to walking on interior floors.
    2. Remove any remaining stones or particles not cleaned off by exterior mats.

Maintenance of Entrance Mats

  1. Exterior Mats
    1. Lift from area in front of door.
    2. Shake out or turn over to dislodge rocks and gravel.
    3. Sweep sidewalk in front of doorway.
    4. Reposition exterior mat in front of entrance.
  2. Interior Mats
    1. Vacuum daily.
    2. May be sprayed with non-oil dust mop/dust cloth treatment to increase its attraction power to dirt and dust.
    3. Replace with clean mat when vacuuming no longer restores mat to clean appearance.
    4. Remove spots daily.

How to Vacuum Carpet

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Upright vacuum cleaner
  2. Vacuum bags

Purpose of Vacuuming Carpet

  1. Keep the carpet free of the most common tracked in soil.
  2. Vacuum high traffic areas more frequently to prevent soil from spreading.

Procedures to Vacuum Carpet

  1. Check bag.
    1. Use replaceable bags, when possible.
    2. Replace bags when 1/2 full.
  2. Vacuum floors daily.
    1. Vacuum heavy traffic areas more frequently.
    2. Treat spots as soon as found.

Spots and Stains

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Small brush
  2. Towels for blotting
  3. Trigger sprayer with clean water
  4. Scraper for gum removal
  5. Products
    1. Carpet spotter(s)
    2. Gum remover
    3. Material Safety Data Sheets
    4. Personal protective equipment as called for in MSDS.

Purpose of Removing Spots and Stains

  1. Remove sticky substances that may lead to increased wear from abrasion.
  2. Spots and stains on the carpet detract from the overall impression of cleanliness at the facility.

Procedures to Remove Spots and Stains

  1. It is important to remove the stain as soon as possible after it is discovered.
  2. It is also important to identify the stain, if possible, to select the most appropriate spotter for the job.
  3. Test carpet with the carpet stain remover in an inconspicuous area before trying to remove the stain.
  4. To remove the stain:
    1. Vacuum the stained area or blot up the stain with a white absorbent cloth.
    2. Apply stain remover to the spot.
    3. To keep the stain from spreading while cleaning, blot and rub stain from the outside edge of the stain toward the center.
    4. Spray again. Let set. Agitate lightly with the brush.
    5. Blot with absorbent cloth.
    6. Flush away the remaining stain with water using a trigger sprayer or extract with water.
    7. If not extracting, blot dry.
    8. Remove gum by freezing with gum remover and scraping gently.

EXTRACTION METHOD

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Carpet extractor
  2. Vacuum, with beater brush if appropriate
  3. Protective pads for furniture legs
  4. Putty knife
  5. Shag rake or stiff brush
  6. "Wet floor" signs
  7. Products
    1. Carpet spotter(s)
    2. Gum remover
    3. Extraction cleaner
    4. Defoamer
    5. Carpet cleaner, regular
    6. Material Safety Data Sheets for chemicals used
    7. Personal protective equipment as called for in MSDS.

Purpose of Extraction Cleaning

  1. Carpet extraction provides deep cleaning that will significantly lengthen the life of the carpet if performed on a regular basis.
  2. Extraction cleaners penetrate into the carpeting and loosen the soil for easy removal by the carpet extractor.

Procedures

  1. Put on personal protective equipment.
  2. Vacuum walk off mats.
  3. Remove or move as much furniture as possible from the area to be cleaned.
  4. Vacuum the carpet to be cleaned using a beater vacuum, if appropriate to the installation method.
  5. Spot clean carpet stains using the carpet stain remover. Remove any gum found on the carpet using the gum remover and a putty knife.
  6. Place "Wet floor" signs around area.
  7. Pre-treat traffic lanes and other soiled areas with extraction cleaning solution according to the directions on the container.
  8. If stubborn stains are prevalent, spray stains with regular carpet cleaner.
  9. Extraction Cleaning Procedure
    1. Dilute extraction shampoo according to the directions on the container and fill machine with water.
    2. Add defoamer to the hose and recovery tan
    3. Follow the directions on the container.
    4. Start extraction shampooing in the upper left hand corner of the room or hall.
    5. Follow the machine's manufacturer directions for feeding the cleaning solution onto the carpet.
    6. Feed the shampoo solution as you pull back on the wand.
    7. Make four or five passes on the carpet in an area 3' by 5'.
    8. Go back over the area with the extractor wand with the shampoo solution valve closed.
    9. Continue extracting the rest of the carpet.
    10. Should rinsing be required, empty the extractor and fill with rinse water.
    11. Go over the carpet again using water only, following the manufacturer's directions on the machine.
    12. After extraction or rinsing, brush carpet pile in one direction – nap up with a stiff brush or shag rake.
    13. If furniture is to be replaced before the carpet is dry, use protective pads under the legs.
    14. Avoid walking on carpet until dry.
    15. When carpet is completely dry, vacuum thoroughly.

BONNET (SPRAY METHOD) CLEANING

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Floor machine equipped with "bonnet" pad holder
  2. Bonnets or carpet pads
  3. Vacuum, with beater brush if appropriate
  4. Pump up sprayer
  5. Two mop buckets and wringers
  6. Clean rags
  7. Carpet rake
  8. Putty knife
  9. Protective pads for furniture legs
  10. "Wet floor" signs
  11. Products
    1. Carpet spotter(s)
    2. Gum remover
    3. Bonnet cleaning detergent
    4. Material Safety Data Sheets for chemicals used
    5. Personal protective equipment as called for in MSDS.

Purpose of Bonnet (Spray Method) Cleaning

  1. Bonnet cleaning provides a good method of surface cleaning the carpet.
  2. This method allows the cleaned carpet to be back in service after a very short drying time.
  3. Bonnet cleaning can lengthen the time between extraction cleaning.

Procedures

  1. Put on gloves and proper protective equipment.
  2. Vacuum walk off mats.
  3. Clean door entrance mats.
    1. Bonnet clean indoor mats using following procedure.
    2. Remove or move as much furniture as possible from the area to be bonnet cleaned.
    3. Vacuum the carpet to be cleaned using a beater vacuum, if appropriate to the installation method.
    4. Spot clean carpet stains using your bonnet cleaner or carpet stain remover.
    5. Remove any gum found on the carpet using the gum remover and a putty knife.
    6. Place "wet floor" signs around area.
    7. Pump up sprayer method
    8. Using a pump up sprayer filled with diluted bonnet cleaner, spray an area of carpet 10' by 10'.
    9. Let set 5-10 minutes.
    10. Spray an adjoining area 10' by 10'.
    11. Start bonnet cleaning the first area sprayed.
    12. Move machine with bonnet pad in place back and forth in a left to right motion.
    13. Turn one quarter and repeat motion left to right to clean from all directions.
    14. Turn bonnet over as it becomes soiled.
    15. A dirty bonnet will spread soil, not pick it up.
    16. Rinse dirty bonnet in clean water.
    17. Wring out the rinsed pad as dry as possible before putting back under the machine.
    18. Use a clean bonnet whenever the pad becomes too dirty.
    19. Use clean rags to get into corners and around other obstructed areas.
    20. Rake the nap up.
    21. Spray a third area 10' by 10' and start working on the second area sprayed. Continue until the entire area has been cleaned.
    22. Carpet should be dry in a short time.

BONNET (IMMERSION METHOD) CLEANING

Procedures

  1. Fill one bucket with clean water. Fill the other with diluted cleaner.
  2. Immerse the bonnet in the cleaner. Wring it out. Place bonnet on the floor machine and clean the area in 6' widths.
  3. When the bonnet becomes soiled, turn it over and use the other side.
    1. When both sides are soiled, remove the bonnet from the machine, rinse in clear water and wring out.
    2. Immerse the bonnet in the cleaning solution again and wring out.
    3. Repeat the cleaning procedure.
    4. Use clean rags to get into corners and around other obstructed areas.
    5. Rake the nap up.
  4. If furniture is to be replaced before the carpet is dry, use protective pads under the legs.

DRY FOAM SHAMPOOING METHOD

Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Dry foam machine
  2. Wet/dry vacuum
  3. Vacuum, with beater brush if appropriate
  4. Towels
  5. Putty knife
  6. Protective pads for furniture legs
  7. "Wet floor" signs
  8. Products
  9. Carpet spotter(s)
  10. Gum remover
  11. Dry foam cleaner
  12. Material safety data sheets for chemicals used
  13. Personal protective equipment as called for in MSDS.

Purpose of Dry Foam Cleaning

  1. Dry foam cleaning provides a good method of cleaning each fiber in the carpet.
  2. Dry foam cleaning can lengthen the time between extraction cleaning.

Procedures

  1. Put on gloves and proper protective equipment.
  2. Vacuum walk off mats.
  3. Remove or move as much furniture as possible from the area to be cleaned.
  4. Vacuum the carpet to be cleaned using a beater vacuum, if appropriate to the installation method.
  5. Spot clean carpet stains using the carpet stain remover.
  6. Remove any gum found on the carpet using the gum remover and a putty knife.
  7. Place "wet floor" signs around area.
  8. Dry foam cleaning procedure
  9. Feed enough shampoo onto the brush so the forward and return pass of the machine show a full width of foam.
  10. Starting at the wall furthest from the door, move along the wall at a slow, constant pace.
  11. Reverse the machine along side the first pass, overlapping about 1/4 the width of the machine.
  12. This is to eliminate streaking.
  13. To speed drying time, pick up any excess foam with the wet/dry vacuum.
  14. Use damp towel to get into corners and around baseboard areas.
  15. If furniture is to be replaced before the carpet is dry, use protective pads under the legs.
  16. After carpet is dry, vacuum thoroughly.

CARPET PROTECTOR

NOTE: Carpet should be cleaned prior to applying protector. Tools and Materials Needed

  1. Garden type sprayer with pressure gauge or power sprayer
  2. Vacuum, with beater brush if appropriate
  3. White towels
  4. Trigger sprayer with plain water
  5. Protective pads for furniture legs
  6. "Wet floor" signs
  7. Products
  8. Carpet protector
  9. Material Safety Data Sheets for chemicals used
  10. Personal protective equipment as called for in MSDS.

Purpose of Using Carpet Protector

  1. Carpet protectors prolong carpet life and reduce the task of shampooing because the soil is held on the surface for easy removal when vacuuming.
  2. Carpet protectors provide the chemical ability to protect carpets against soil or oil penetration and anti-static properties eliminate annoying shock.
  3. Proper use of a carpet protector provides up to a 50% reduction in carpet maintenance under normal traffic conditions.

Procedures

  1. Put on gloves and proper protective equipment.
  2. Vacuum carpet thoroughly.
  3. Remove as much furniture as possible from the area to be treated.
  4. Put protective pads under legs of furniture remaining in the area.
  5. Place "Wet floor" signs around area.
  6. Mix carpet protector according to the directions on the container.
  7. Pour solution into a plastic or stainless steel garden sprayer, or an electric power sprayer.
  8. If garden type sprayer is used, keep pressure above 40 pounds when spraying.
  9. Hold spray nozzle 12 inches from carpet and apply diluted solution in even, overlapping strokes at the rate indicated on the container by the manufacturer.
  10. When finished, thoroughly rinse spray equipment.
  11. Stay off carpet until completely dry.
  12. Store all supplies and equipment.
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